OF COVINGTON - MISSISSIPPI
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Location: 31.63201 North,
Zip codes: 39111, 39119,
Population in 1990: 16,527
Number of dwellings: 6,535
Land area: 1071.793 sq. kms.
(413.82 sq miles or 264846 acres)
Water area: 2.969 sq.kms.
(1.15 sq miles or 734 acres)
Populated areras: Collins
Eminence, Gandsi, Gilmore, Kola, Lone Star, Lux, McRaney, Mount Olive, Ora,
Salem, Sanford, Smith, Williamsburg
The main trades for the area
include cotton, corn, truck manufacture, dairying and lumbering.
Covington County is situated in
the south central part of the State to the West of Route 89. West and South of Route 32.
N and was established from
the counties of Lawrence and Wayne January 5, 1819, a short time after
Mississippi became a State. Its name was given in honor of Gen. Leonard
Covington. It is bounded on the west by the county of Lawrence, the old
Choctaw boundary forms its northern line and separates it from Simpson and
Smith counties. The county of Jones bounds it on the east and the counties of
Marion and Perry on the south. It is now almost a perfect square, the county
seat being located at Williamsburg at the very center.
The original act defined its boundaries as follows: --"Beginning on the
eastern boundary of the eighteenth range line where it intersects the southern
boundary line of Lawrence county; thence north along the said range line to
its intersection with the dividing ridge between the waters of Leaf and Pearl
rivers; thence along the summit of said ridge to its intersection with the
Choctaw boundary line; thence easterly along that line to the eastern boundary
of the tenth range line; thence south along the said range line to its
intersection with the northern boundary of Green county; thence west along the
said line to the corner of the said county of Greene; thence along the fifth
parallel township line to where the same intersects the eighteenth range
In 1823 the dividing line between Covington and Lawrence was declared to be:
"beginning on the eastern boundary of the 18th range line, where it now
intersects the northern boundary of the 5th township line; thence due west
four miles; thence due north to Simpson county line." In 1826 all that
part of Covington lying east of the center of range 14 was taken to form part
of the county of Jones.
The present line (1907) between Covington and Lawrence has been fixed at a
line drawn north from the southwest corner of section 33, township 6, range 18
west, to the old Choctaw boundary line. Its present area is about 16 townships
or 577 square miles.
The following is a list of the county officers during the year 1819, when the
county was first organized: John SHIPP, John SNOW, Thomas COLBERT, Isaac
BOLES, Joseph McAFEE, Justices of the Quorum; John B. LOW, John c. THOMAS,
Uriah FLOWERS, Abb. L. HATTIN, Duncan THOMPSON, Justices of the Peace; Gowen
HARRIS, Assessor and Collector; William BUD, Sheriff; Stephen SHELTON,
Coroner; Norwell ROBERTSON, SR., County Treasurer; Norwell ROBERTSON, JR.,
Ranger; John GRAVES, Sr., County Surveyor; Archibald McPHERSON, Joshua TERRIL,
Richard FLOWERS, William DUCKSWORTH, Constables.
Some of the other towns in the county are Seminary, Pickering, Sanford,
Collins (the County seat), and Mt. Olive, all on the line of the Gulf and Ship
Island R.R., which crosses the entire county in a southeasterly direction. The
Mississippi Central R.R., from Hattiesburg in Perry county, also crosses the
extreme southwestern border of the county and is projected to extend west to
the Mississippi at Natchez. The county is watered by quite a number of creeks,
the largest being Okatoma and Bowie creeks tributaries of the Leaf river. The
general surface of the region is undulating and there are extensive areas of
valuable long leaf or yellow pine on the uplands, and oaks, hickory, ash,
beech, magnolia, etc., along the creek bottoms. The soil is that common to the
long leaf pine region and is rather thin and sandy except in the bottoms,
which are very fertile. It produces cotton, corn, oats, potatoes, sugar cane,
sorghum, ground peas, field peas, and a great variety of vegetables and
The county, though a very old one, developed slowly. Since the advent of the
railroads a few years ago it has been much more prosperous and many new
settlers have located within its borders. One result being the rapid
exploitation of its valuable forests.
The United States census for 1900 shows that there 1,966 farms with a total
acreage of 252,427, of which 59,664 acres were improved. The value of the land
was placed at $794,470, exclusive of the buildings, value of the buildings
$455,870, value of the live stock $384,465, and the total value of farm
products not fed to stock $748,350. The total number of manufacturing
establishments in the county is given at 42, total capital invested $276,521,
total wages paid $80,399, cost of materials $124,998 and total value of
products $336,878. The total assessed valuation of real and personal property
in the county in 1905 was $2,896,869 and in 1906 it was $4,252.753, which
shows an increase of $1,355,884 during the year. The population of 1900
consisted of whites 8.471, colored 4,605, a total of 13,076 and an increase
over 1890 of 4,777. The population has greatly increased since 1900 and in
1906 was estimated to be at least 20,000. Artesian water has been found in
various parts of the county--notably at Collins, Mount Olive and Mice.
Source: Rowland, Dunbar, LL.D.,
editor. MISSISSIPPI, COMPRISING SKETCHES OF COUNTIES, TOWNS, EVENTS,
INSTITUTIONS, AND PERSONS, ARRANGED IN CYCLOPEDIC FORM, v.1. c1907, Southern
Historical Pub. Assn., Atlanta, GA
Mississippi Department of Archives and History
For the past three hundred
years, Natchez has been an influential centre for Indian settlements for the
Natchez District; and for the preservation, interpretation, and celebration of
local and regional history. To aid researchers studying the city, its varying
roles, and its society, this guide itemizes the following sources available in
the manuscript collection of the Mississippi Department of Archives and
History.The following items extracted from this guide refer to records
relating to Covington County.
Leonard Covington Estate
Ivanhoe Plantation Records,
1821-1823; 1864. 0.66 cubic ft.
This collection contains
financial records attributed to Alexander Covington's administration of the
estate of his brother, General Leonard Covington, War of 1812 hero killed at
the Battle of Chrysler's Field in 1813. General Covington lived at
Propinquity, Adams County, MS, prior to the war. The estate records cover the
years 1821 to 1823. Also included are the 1864 records from Ivanhoe, the
Warren County plantation of Susan C. Covington, which was managed for her by
B. L. C. Wailes. Unprocessed. (Z/U/86.020).
Levin Covington Diary,
1825-1845. 0.33 cubic ft. and 1 reel 35 mm. microfilm.
The diary contains the minutes
of the Adams Athenaeum, Washington, Adams County, MS, from 1825 to 1826, as
well as the plantation diary of Levin Covington of Adams County, from 1829 to
1845. A microfilm copy is available for patron use. Processed. (Z/0132.000).
The Covington House Restaurant
can be found in Collins on Highway 49, tel (601)765-1684
VISIT THE COVINGTON
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE WEBSITE
on globe to Return to Covington Locations Page
Copyright Martin H Covington 1956, updated 30 Aug 2000